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Compare two files and find the differences (Views: 38)


Problem/Question/Abstract:

Does anyone know of sample code that compares two files and indicates if there is a difference or not (like FC)? I could use filestreams and compare bit by bit but I'm hoping someone has done this in a more optimized fashion.

Answer:

Use CreateFileMapping and compare pointers. Look at my unfinished unit below for an example:

unit findin;

interface

uses
  Windows, SysUtils, findstr;

type
  TFindInFile = class;

  TFindIn = class
  protected
    FFindInFile: TFindInFile;
    FHandle: THandle;
    function GetPartNum: Integer; virtual; abstract;
    function GetPartLen(Index: Integer): Cardinal; virtual; abstract;
  public
    constructor Create(FindInFile: TFindInFile; FileName: string); virtual;
    destructor Destroy; override;
    function CanUseMem: Boolean; virtual; abstract;
    function UseMemSize: Cardinal; virtual; abstract;
    function GetPart(Index: Integer; Len: Cardinal): Pointer; virtual; abstract;
    property PartNum: Integer read GetPartNum;
    property PartLen[Index: Integer]: Cardinal read GetPartLen;
  end;

  TFindInClass = class of TFindIn;

  TBMSearchFunc = function(var Buffer; BufLength: Cardinal; var BT: TBMTbl;
    MatchString: PAnsiChar; var Pos: Cardinal): Boolean;

  TFindInFile = class
  protected
    FFindIn: TFindIn;
    FFindInClass: TFindInClass;
    FFindStrParams: PFindStrParams;
    FMemHandle: THandle;
    FMem: Pointer;
    FStrLen: Cardinal;
    FDriveTp: UINT;
    FBMSearchFunc: TBMSearchFunc;
    function GetDriveTp(Root: string): UINT;
  public
    constructor Create(FindStrParams: PFindStrParams);
    destructor Destroy; override;
    function Find(FileName: string): Cardinal;
    function SwitchToRoot(Root: string): Boolean; virtual;
  end;

  TFindInHDD = class(TFindIn)
  private
    FSize: Cardinal;
  protected
    FMapPtr: Pointer;
    function GetPartNum: Integer; override;
    function GetPartLen(Index: Integer): Cardinal; override;
  public
    constructor Create(FindInFile: TFindInFile; FileName: string); override;
    destructor Destroy; override;
    function CanUseMem: Boolean; override;
    function UseMemSize: Cardinal; override;
    function GetPart(Index: Integer; Len: Cardinal): Pointer; override;
  end;

  PIntArr = ^TIntArr;
  TIntArr = array[0..1] of Cardinal;

  TFindInRemovable = class(TFindIn)
  private
    FSize: Cardinal;
  protected
    FPartNum: Integer;
    function GetPartNum: Integer; override;
    function GetPartLen(Index: Integer): Cardinal; override;
  public
    constructor Create(FindInFile: TFindInFile; FileName: string); override;
    function CanUseMem: Boolean; override;
    function UseMemSize: Cardinal; override;
    function GetPart(Index: Integer; Len: Cardinal): Pointer; override;
  end;

implementation

resourcestring
  SInvalidDrive = 'Invalid drive - "%s".';

  { TFindIn }

constructor TFindIn.Create(FindInFile: TFindInFile; FileName: string);
begin
  inherited Create;
  FFindInFile := FindInFile;
  FHandle := CreateFile(PChar(FileName), GENERIC_READ, FILE_SHARE_READ,
    nil, OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_FLAG_SEQUENTIAL_SCAN, 0);
  if FHandle = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE then
    RaiseLastWin32Error;
end;

destructor TFindIn.Destroy;
begin
  if FHandle <> 0 then
    CloseHandle(FHandle);
  inherited Destroy;
end;

{ TFindInHDD }

constructor TFindInHDD.Create(FindInFile: TFindInFile; FileName: string);
var
  hFile: THandle;
begin
  inherited Create(FindInFile, FileName);
  FSize := GetFileSize(FHandle, nil);
  hFile := CreateFileMapping(FHandle, nil, PAGE_READONLY, 0, 0, nil);
  CloseHandle(FHandle);
  FHandle := hFile;
  if FHandle <> 0 then
  begin
    FMapPtr := MapViewOfFile(FHandle, FILE_MAP_READ, 0, 0, 0);
    if FMapPtr = nil then
      RaiseLastWin32Error;
  end
  else
    RaiseLastWin32Error;
end;

destructor TFindInHDD.Destroy;
begin
  if FMapPtr <> nil then
    UnmapViewOfFile(FMapPtr);
  inherited Destroy;
end;

function TFindInHDD.GetPartNum: Integer;
begin
  Result := 1;
end;

function TFindInHDD.GetPartLen(Index: Integer): Cardinal;
begin
  Result := FSize;
end;

function TFindInHDD.GetPart(Index: Integer; Len: Cardinal): Pointer;
begin
  Result := FMapPtr;
end;

function TFindInHDD.CanUseMem: Boolean;
begin
  Result := False;
end;

function TFindInHDD.UseMemSize: Cardinal;
begin
  Result := 0;
end;

{ TFindInRemovable }

constructor TFindInRemovable.Create(FindInFile: TFindInFile; FileName: string);
var
  S: Cardinal;
begin
  inherited Create(FindInFile, FileName);
  FSize := GetFileSize(FHandle, nil);
  if FSize = $FFFFFFFF then
    RaiseLastWin32Error;
  S := UseMemSize - Pred(FFindInFile.FStrLen);
  FPartNum := FSize div S;
  if FSize mod S <> 0 then
    Inc(FPartNum);
end;

function TFindInRemovable.GetPartNum: Integer;
begin
  Result := FPartNum;
end;

function TFindInRemovable.GetPartLen(Index: Integer): Cardinal;
begin
  Result := UseMemSize;
  if (Index = Pred(FPartNum)) and (FSize mod (Result - FFindInFile.FStrLen) <> 0) then
    Result := FSize - (Result - Pred(FFindInFile.FStrLen)) * Pred(FPartNum);
end;

function TFindInRemovable.GetPart(Index: Integer; Len: Cardinal): Pointer;
var
  Dist: ULONG;
  Reading: DWORD;
begin
  Result := FFindInFile.FMem;
  Dist := Index * (UseMemSize - Pred(FFindInFile.FStrLen));
  SetFilePointer(FHandle, Dist, nil, FILE_BEGIN);
  if not ReadFile(FHandle, Result^, Len, Reading, nil) then
    RaiseLastWin32Error;
end;

function TFindInRemovable.CanUseMem: Boolean;
begin
  Result := True;
end;

function TFindInRemovable.UseMemSize: Cardinal;
begin
  Result := 8; {512 * 1024;}
end;

{ TFindInFile }

function Max(V1, V2: Integer): Integer; assembler; register;
asm
  CMP  EAX,EDX
  JG   @@1
  MOV  EAX,EDX
@@1:
end;

constructor TFindInFile.Create(FindStrParams: PFindStrParams);
var
  I: Integer;
begin
  inherited Create;
  FDriveTp := $FFFFFFFF;
  FFindStrParams := FindStrParams;
  if FFindStrParams^.CaseSensitive then
    FBMSearchFunc := BMSearch
  else
    FBMSearchFunc := BMSearchUC;
  FStrLen := 0;
  for I := 0 to Pred(FFindStrParams^.Substr.Count) do
    FStrLen := Max(FStrLen, length(FFindStrParams^.Substr[I]));
end;

destructor TFindInFile.Destroy;
begin
  if FMemHandle <> 0 then
  begin
    GlobalUnlock(FMemHandle);
    GlobalFree(FMemHandle);
  end;
  inherited Destroy;
end;

function TFindInFile.GetDriveTp(Root: string): UINT;
begin
  Result := GetDriveType(PChar(ExtractFileDrive(Root) + '\'));
end;

function TFindInFile.Find(FileName: string): Cardinal;
var
  I, J, K: Integer;
  L: Cardinal;
  P: Pointer;
  PI: PFindStrInfo;
  BMSFunc: TBMSFunc;
begin
  Result := NotFound;
  FFindIn := FFindInClass.Create(Self, FileName);
  try
    if FFindIn.CanUseMem and (FMem = nil) then
    begin
      FMemHandle := GlobalAlloc(GMEM_MOVEABLE, FFindIn.UseMemSize);
      if FMemHandle = 0 then
        RaiseLastWin32Error;
      FMem := GlobalLock(FMemHandle);
    end;
    for I := 0 to Pred(FFindIn.PartNum) do
      for J := 0 to Pred(FFindStrParams^.Substr.Count) do
      begin
        L := FFindIn.PartLen[I];
        P := FFindIn.GetPart(I, L);
        Result := FindString(P^, L, J, FFindStrParams);
        PI := PFindStrInfo(FFindStrParams.Substr.Objects[J]);
        if FBMSearchFunc(P^, L, PI^.BMTbl, PI^.FindS, Result) then
        begin
          if I > 0 then
            for K := 1 to I - 1 do
              Inc(Result, FFindIn.PartLen[K]);
          Exit;
        end;
      end;
  finally
    FFindIn.Free;
  end;
end;

function TFindInFile.SwitchToRoot(Root: string): Boolean;
var
  Tp: UINT;
begin
  Tp := GetDriveTp(Root);
  if Tp <> FDriveTp then
    case Tp of
      0, 1: Exception.CreateFmt(SInvalidDrive, [Root]);
      DRIVE_FIXED: FFindInClass := TFindInHDD;
    else
      {DRIVE_REMOVABLE:
       DRIVE_REMOTE:
       DRIVE_CDROM:
       DRIVE_RAMDISK:}
      FFindInClass := TFindInRemovable;
    end;
end;

end.

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