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Collection Dataset an object oriented database (Views: 100)


Problem/Question/Abstract:

Incapsulating a collection in a TDataset decendant. Enabling to save and load diferent datasets bij loading and saving component resources.

Answer:

I have writen a TDataset descendant that allows a collection to be set as property so it will do the deletes inserts and updates for you with a little help from the Data aware controls in delphi.

I made an example that saves some master detail data .

In my example i'll show you how i use the dataset in design time so i can set the fields displaylength and it's displayLabel

For those cracks that do not need an example here's the compleet code of the object.

For those who do just download the sample .

And of course do not forget to vote or leave a message :) ..

Greatings all and keep up the good work.

unit CollectionDataSet;

interface

uses
  DB, Classes, typinfo, dialogs;

type
  PRecInfo = ^TRecInfo;
  TRecInfo = packed record
    Bookmark: Integer;
    BookmarkFlag: TBookmarkFlag;
  end;

  { TCollectionDataSet }

  TCollectionDataSet = class(TDataSet)
  private
    FRecBufSize: Integer;
    FRecInfoOfs: Integer;
    FCurRec: Integer;
    FFileName: string;
    FLastBookmark: Integer;
    FCollection: TCollection;
    FCollectionCount: Integer;
    procedure SetCollection(const Value: TCollection);
  protected
    function AllocRecordBuffer: PChar; override;
    procedure FreeRecordBuffer(var Buffer: PChar); override;
    procedure GetBookmarkData(Buffer: PChar; Data: Pointer); override;
    function GetBookmarkFlag(Buffer: PChar): TBookmarkFlag; override;
    function GetRecord(Buffer: PChar; GetMode: TGetMode; DoCheck: Boolean): TGetResult; override;
    function GetRecordSize: Word; override;
    procedure InternalAddRecord(Buffer: Pointer; Append: Boolean); override;
    procedure InternalClose; override;
    procedure InternalCancel; override;
    procedure InternalDelete; override;
    procedure InternalFirst; override;
    procedure InternalGotoBookmark(Bookmark: Pointer); override;
    procedure InternalHandleException; override;
    procedure InternalInitFieldDefs; override;
    procedure InternalInitRecord(Buffer: PChar); override;
    procedure InternalLast; override;
    procedure InternalOpen; override;
    procedure InternalPost; override;
    procedure InternalSetToRecord(Buffer: PChar); override;
    function IsCursorOpen: Boolean; override;
    procedure SetBookmarkFlag(Buffer: PChar; Value: TBookmarkFlag); override;
    procedure SetBookmarkData(Buffer: PChar; Data: Pointer); override;
    procedure SetFieldData(Field: TField; Buffer: Pointer); override;
    function GetRecordCount: Integer; override;
    function GetRecNo: Integer; override;
    procedure SetRecNo(Value: Integer); override;
  public
    function GetFieldData(Field: TField; Buffer: Pointer): Boolean; override;
    property Collection: TCollection read FCollection write SetCollection;
  published
    property FileName: string read FFileName write FFileName;
    property Active;
    property AutoCalcFields;
    property BeforeOpen;
    property AfterOpen;
    property BeforeClose;
    property AfterClose;
    property BeforeInsert;
    property AfterInsert;
    property BeforeEdit;
    property AfterEdit;
    property BeforePost;
    property AfterPost;
    property BeforeCancel;
    property AfterCancel;
    property BeforeDelete;
    property AfterDelete;
    property BeforeScroll;
    property AfterScroll;
    property BeforeRefresh;
    property AfterRefresh;
    property OnCalcFields;
    property OnDeleteError;
    property OnEditError;
    property OnFilterRecord;
    property OnNewRecord;
    property OnPostError;

  end;

procedure Register;

implementation

uses Windows, SysUtils, Forms;

{ TCollectionDataSet }

procedure TCollectionDataSet.InternalOpen;

begin
  if Collection = nil then
    raise EDatabaseError.Create('Collection is niet gevult !');

  FCurRec := -1;

  FCollectionCount := Collection.Count;
  FLastBookmark := Collection.Count;
  FRecInfoOfs := SizeOf(Integer);

  FRecBufSize := SizeOf(TRecInfo) + FRecInfoOfs;
  BookmarkSize := SizeOf(Integer);

  InternalInitFieldDefs;

  if DefaultFields then
    CreateFields;

  BindFields(True);
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.InternalClose;
begin

  if DefaultFields then
    DestroyFields;
  FLastBookmark := 0;
  FCurRec := -1;
end;

function TCollectionDataSet.IsCursorOpen: Boolean;
begin
  Result := Assigned(collection);
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.InternalInitFieldDefs;
var
  PropList: PPropList;
  PropCount: Integer;
  ClassTypeInfo: PTypeInfo;
  ClassTypeData: PTypeData;
  i: integer;
begin
  FieldDefs.Clear;
  if Collection = nil then
    raise EInvalidPointer.create('Collection is nil');
  ClassTypeInfo := Collection.ItemClass.ClassInfo;
  ClassTypeData := GetTypeData(ClassTypeInfo);
  PropCount := ClassTypeData.PropCount - 1;
  //  reserveer geheugen
  GetMem(PropList, SizeOf(PPropInfo) * ClassTypeData.PropCount);
  // Error trap
  try
    // Vul de prop list
    GetPropList(Collection.ItemClass.ClassInfo, tkAny, PropList);
    for i := 0 to PropCount do
    begin
      try
        case PropList[i]^.PropType^.Kind of
          tkString, tkLString,
            tkWString, tkWChar,
            tkChar:
            begin
              FieldDefs.Add(PropList[i]^.Name, ftString, 255, False);
            end;

          tkInteger,
            tkEnumeration:
            begin
              FieldDefs.Add(PropList[i]^.Name, ftInteger, 0, False);
            end;
          tkFloat:
            begin
              FieldDefs.Add(PropList[i]^.Name, ftFloat, 0, False);
            end;
          tkClass:
            begin
            end;
          tkArray:
            begin
            end;
        end; // end case
      except
        on e: Exception do

      end;

    end;
  finally
    FreeMem(PropList, SizeOf(PPropInfo) * ClassTypeData.PropCount);
  end;

end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.InternalHandleException;
begin
  Application.HandleException(Self);
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.InternalGotoBookmark(Bookmark: Pointer);
var
  Index: Integer;
begin
  Index := PInteger(Bookmark)^ - 1;
  if Index > -1 then
    FCurRec := Index
  else
    DatabaseError('Bookmark not found');
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.InternalSetToRecord(Buffer: PChar);
begin
  InternalGotoBookmark(@PRecInfo(Buffer + FRecInfoOfs).Bookmark);
end;

function TCollectionDataSet.GetBookmarkFlag(Buffer: PChar): TBookmarkFlag;
begin
  Result := PRecInfo(Buffer + FRecInfoOfs).BookmarkFlag;
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.SetBookmarkFlag(Buffer: PChar; Value: TBookmarkFlag);
begin
  PRecInfo(Buffer + FRecInfoOfs).BookmarkFlag := Value;
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.GetBookmarkData(Buffer: PChar; Data: Pointer);
begin
  PInteger(Data)^ := PRecInfo(Buffer + FRecInfoOfs).Bookmark;
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.SetBookmarkData(Buffer: PChar; Data: Pointer);
begin
  PRecInfo(Buffer + FRecInfoOfs).Bookmark := PInteger(Data)^;
end;

function TCollectionDataSet.GetRecordSize: Word;
begin
  Result := SizeOf(Integer); //MaxStrLen;
end;

function TCollectionDataSet.AllocRecordBuffer: PChar;
begin
  GetMem(Result, FRecBufSize);
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.FreeRecordBuffer(var Buffer: PChar);
begin
  FreeMem(Buffer, FRecBufSize);
end;

function TCollectionDataSet.GetRecord(Buffer: PChar; GetMode: TGetMode;
  DoCheck: Boolean): TGetResult;
begin
  if Collection.Count < 1 then
    Result := grEOF
  else
  begin
    Result := grOK;
    case GetMode of
      gmNext:
        if FCurRec >= RecordCount - 1 then
          Result := grEOF
        else
          Inc(FCurRec);
      gmPrior:
        if FCurRec <= 0 then
          Result := grBOF
        else
          Dec(FCurRec);
      gmCurrent:
        if (FCurRec < 0) or (FCurRec >= RecordCount) then
          Result := grError;
    end;
    if Result = grOK then
    begin
      PInteger(Buffer)^ := Integer(FCollection.Items[FCurRec]);
      with PRecInfo(Buffer + FRecInfoOfs)^ do
      begin
        BookmarkFlag := bfCurrent;
        Bookmark := FCurRec + 1;
      end;
    end
    else if (Result = grError) and DoCheck then
      DatabaseError('No Records');
  end;
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.InternalInitRecord(Buffer: PChar);
begin
  PInteger(Buffer)^ := Integer(FCollection.Add);
end;

function TCollectionDataSet.GetFieldData(Field: TField; Buffer: Pointer): Boolean;

var
  Apropinfo: PPropinfo;
  AString: string;
  AInteger: Integer;
  AFloat: Double;
  AItem: TCollectionItem;
begin
  Result := False;
  if Collection.Count = 0 then
    exit;
  AItem := TCollectionItem(PInteger(ActiveBuffer)^);
  Apropinfo := typinfo.GetPropInfo(AItem, Field.FullName);
  case Apropinfo.PropType^.Kind of
    tkString, tkLString,
      tkWString, tkWChar,
      tkChar:
      begin
        AString := GetStrProp(AItem, Apropinfo);
        StrLCopy(Buffer, PChar(AString), Length(AString));
        Result := PChar(Buffer)^ <> #0;
      end;

    tkInteger,
      tkEnumeration:
      begin
        AInteger := GetOrdProp(AItem, Apropinfo);
        PInteger(Buffer)^ := AInteger;
        Result := true;
      end;
    tkFloat:
      begin
        AFloat := GetFloatProp(AItem, Apropinfo);
        PDouble(Buffer)^ := AFloat;
        Result := true;
      end;
  end; // end case
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.SetFieldData(Field: TField; Buffer: Pointer);
var
  Apropinfo: PPropinfo;
  AString: string;
  AInteger: Integer;
  AFloat: Double;
  AItem: TCollectionItem;
begin
  AItem := TCollectionItem(PInteger(ActiveBuffer)^);
  Apropinfo := typinfo.GetPropInfo(AItem, Field.FullName);
  case Apropinfo.PropType^.Kind of
    tkString, tkLString,
      tkWString, tkWChar,
      tkChar:
      begin
        AString := PChar(Buffer);
        SetStrProp(AItem, Apropinfo, AString);
      end;

    tkInteger,
      tkEnumeration:
      begin
        AInteger := 0;
        if Buffer <> nil then
          AInteger := PInteger(Buffer)^;
        SetOrdProp(AItem, Apropinfo, AInteger);
      end;
    tkFloat:
      begin

        AFloat := 0;
        if Buffer <> nil then
          AFloat := PDouble(Buffer)^;
        SetFloatProp(AItem, Apropinfo, AFloat);
      end;
  end; // end case

  DataEvent(deFieldChange, Longint(Field));
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.InternalFirst;
begin
  FCurRec := -1;
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.InternalLast;
begin
  FCurRec := FCollectionCount;
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.InternalPost;
begin
  if State = dsinsert then
  begin
    Inc(FCollectionCount);
    Inc(FLastBookmark);
    if FCurRec <> -1 then
      TCollectionItem(PInteger(ActiveBuffer)^).Index := FCurRec;
  end;

end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.InternalAddRecord(Buffer: Pointer; Append: Boolean);
begin
  Inc(FLastBookmark);
  if Append then
    InternalLast;
  Inc(FCollectionCount);

end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.InternalDelete;
begin
  Collection.Delete(FCurRec);
  Dec(FCollectionCount);
  if FCurRec >= Collection.Count then
    Dec(FCurRec);
end;

function TCollectionDataSet.GetRecordCount: Longint;
begin
  Result := FCollectionCount;
end;

function TCollectionDataSet.GetRecNo: Longint;
begin
  UpdateCursorPos;
  if (FCurRec <= -1) and (RecordCount > 0) then
    Result := 0
  else
    Result := FCurRec + 1;
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.SetRecNo(Value: Integer);
begin
  if (Value >= 0) and (Value < FCollectionCount) then
  begin
    FCurRec := Value - 1;
    Resync([]);
  end;
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.SetCollection(const Value: TCollection);
begin
  FCollection := Value;
end;

procedure TCollectionDataSet.InternalCancel;
begin
  Collection.Delete(Collection.Count - 1);
end;

end.

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