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BDE API Overview (Views: 4023)


Problem/Question/Abstract:

BDE API Overview

Answer:

Available BDE 4.0 engine functions by type:



1. Database functions

Each function listed below returns information about a specific database, available databases, or performs a database-related task, such as opening or closing a database.



DbiCloseDatabase:
Closes a database and all tables associated with this database handle.

DbiGetDatabaseDesc:
Retrieves the description of the specified database from the configuration file.

DbiGetDirectory:
Retrieves the current working directory or the default directory.

DbiOpenDatabase:
Opens a database in the current session and returns a database handle.

DbiOpenDatabaseList:
Creates an in-memory table containing a list of accessible databases and their descriptions.

DbiOpenFileList:
Opens a cursor on the virtual table containing all the tables accessible by the client application
and their descriptions.

DbiOpenIndexList:
Opens a cursor on an in-memory table listing the indexes on a specified table, along with
their descriptions.

DbiOpenTableList:
Creates an in-memory table with information about all the tables accessible to the client application.




2. Environment and configuration functions

Each function listed below returns information about the client application environment, such as the supported table, field and index types for the driver type, or the available driver types. Functions in this category can also perform tasks that affect the client application environment, such as loading a driver.



DbiAddAlias:
Adds an alias to the BDE configuration file (IDAPI.CFG).

DbiAddDriver:
Adds a driver to the BDE configuration file (IDAPI.CFG). NEW FUNCTION BDE 4.0

DbiAnsiToNative:
Multipurpose translate function.

DbiDebugLayerOptions:
Activates, deactivates, or sets options for the BDE debug layer. OBSOLETE FUNCTION BDE 4.0

DbiDeleteAlias:
Deletes an alias from the BDE configuration file (IDAPI.CFG).

DbiDeleteDriver:
Deletes a driver from the BDE configuration file (IDAPI.CFG). NEW FUNCTION BDE 4.0

DbiDllExit:
Prepares the BDE to be disconnected within a DLL. NEW FUNCTION BDE 4.0

DbiExit:
Disconnects the client application from BDE.

DbiGetClientInfo:
Retrieves system-level information about the client application environment.

DbiGetDriverDesc:
Retrieves a description of a driver.

DbiGetLdName:
Retrieves the name of the language driver associated with the specified object name (table name).

DbiGetLdObj:
Retrieves the language driver object associated with the given cursor.

DbiGetNetUserName:
Retrieves the user's network login name. User names should be available for all networks
supported by Microsoft Windows.

DbiGetProp:
Returns a property of an object.

DbiGetSysConfig:
Retrieves BDE system configuration information.

DbiGetSysInfo:
Retrieves system status and information.

DbiGetSysVersion:
Retrieves the system version information, including the BDE version number, date, and time,
and the client interface version number.

DbiInit:
Initializes the BDE environment.

DbiLoadDriver:
Load a given driver.

DbiNativeToAnsi:
Translates a string in the native language driver to an ANSI string.

DbiOpenCfgInfoList:
Returns a handle to an in-memory table listing all the nodes in the configuration file
accessible by the specified path.

DbiOpenDriverList:
Creates an in-memory table containing a list of driver names available to the client application.

DbiOpenFieldTypesList:
Creates an in-memory table containing a list of field types supported by the table type for
the driver type.

DbiOpenFunctionArgList:
Returns a list of arguments to a data source function.

DbiOpenFunctionList:
Returns a description of a data source function.

DbiOpenIndexTypesList:
Creates an in-memory table containing a list of all supported index types for the driver type.

DbiOpenLdList:
Creates an in-memory table containing a list of available language drivers.

DbiOpenTableList:
Creates an in-memory table with information about all the tables accessible to the client application.

DbiOpenTableTypesList:
Creates an in-memory table listing table type names for the given driver.

DbiOpenUserList:
Creates an in-memory table containing a list of users sharing the same network file.

DbiSetProp:
Sets the specified property of an object to a given value.

DbiUseIdleTime:
Allows BDE to accomplish background tasks during times when the client application is idle.
OBSOLETE FUNCTION BDE 4.0




3. Session functions

Each function listed below returns information about a session or performs a task that affects the session, such as starting a session or adding a password.



DbiAddPassword:
Adds a password to the current session.

DbiCheckRefresh:
Checks for remote updates to tables for all cursors in the current session, and refreshes the cursors
if changed.

DbiCloseSession:
Closes the session associated with the given session handle.

DbiDropPassword:
Removes a password from the current session.

DbiGetCallBack:
Returns a pointer to the function previously registered by the client for the given callback type.

DbiGetCurrSession:
Returns the handle associated with the current session.

DbiGetDateFormat:
Gets the date format for the current session.

DbiGetNumberFormat:
Gets the number format for the current session.

DbiGetSesInfo:
Retrieves the environment settings for the current session.

DbiGetTimeFormat:
Gets the time format for the current session.

DbiRegisterCallBack:
Registers a callback function for the client application.

DbiSetCurrSession:
Sets the current session of the client application to the session associated with hSes.

DbiSetDateFormat:
Sets the date format for the current session.

DbiSetNumberFormat:
Sets the number format for the current session.

DbiSetPrivateDir:
Sets the private directory for the current session.

DbiSetTimeFormat:
Sets the time format for the current session.

DbiStartSession:
Starts a new session for the client application.




4. Error-handling functions

Each function listed below returns error handling information or performs a task that relates to error handling.



DbiGetErrorContext:
After receiving an error code back from a call, enables the client to probe BDE for more specific
error information.

DbiGetErrorEntry:
Returns the error description of a specified error stack entry.

DbiGetErrorInfo:
Provides descriptive error information about the last error that occurred.

DbiGetErrorString:
Returns the message associated with a given error code.




5. Lock functions

Each function listed below returns information about lock status or acquires or releases a lock at the table or record level.



DbiAcqPersistTableLock:
Acquires an exclusive persistent lock on the table preventing other users from using the table
or creating a table of the same name.

DbiAcqTableLock:
Acquires a table-level lock on the table associated with the given cursor.

DbiGetRecord:
Record positioning functions have a lock parameter.

DbiIsRecordLocked:
Checks the lock status of the current record.

DbiIsTableLocked:
Returns the number of locks of a specified type acquired on the table associated with the
given session.

DbiIsTableShared:
Determines whether the table is physically shared or not.

DbiOpenLockList:
Creates an in-memory table containing a list of locks acquired on the table.

DbiOpenUserList:
Creates an in-memory table containing a list of users sharing the same network file.

DbiRelPersistTableLock:
Releases the persistent table lock on the specified table.

DbiRelRecordLock:
Releases the record lock on either the current record of the cursor or only the locks acquired
in the current session.

DbiRelTableLock:
Releases table locks of the specified type associated with the current session (the session in
which the cursor was created).

DbiSetLockRetry:
Sets the table and record lock retry time for the current session.




6. Cursor functions

Each function listed below returns information about a cursor, or performs a task that performs a cursor-related task such as positioning of a cursor, linking of cursors, creating and closing cursors, counting of records associated with a cursor, filtering, setting and comparing bookmarks, and refreshing all buffers associated with a cursor.



DbiActivateFilter:
Activates a filter.

DbiAddFilter:
Adds a filter to a table, but does not activate the filter (the record set is not yet altered).

DbiApplyDelayedUpdates:
When cached updates cursor layer is active, writes all modifications made to cached data to the
underlying database.

DbiBeginDelayedUpdates:
Creates a cached updates cursor layer so that users can make extended changes to temporarily
cached table data without writing to the actual table, thereby minimizing resource locking.

DbiBeginLinkMode:
Converts a cursor to a link cursor. Given an open cursor, prepares for linked access. Returns a
new cursor.

DbiCloneCursor:
Creates a new cursor (clone cursor) which has the same result set as the given cursor
(source cursor).

DbiCloseCursor:
Closes a previously opened cursor.

DbiCompareBookMarks:
Compares the relative positions of two bookmarks in the result set associated with the cursor.

DbiDeactivateFilter:
Temporarily stops the specified filter from affecting the record set by turning the filter off.

DbiDropFilter:
Deactivates and removes a filter from memory, and frees all resources.

DbiEndDelayedUpdates:
Closes a cached updates cursor layer ending the cached updates mode.

DbiEndLinkMode:
Ends linked cursor mode, and returns the original cursor.

DbiExtractKey:
Retrieves the key value for the current record of the given cursor or from the supplied record buffer.

DbiForceRecordReread:
Rereads a single record from the server on demand, refreshing one row only, rather than clearing
the cache.

DbiForceReread:
Refreshes all buffers associated with the cursor, if necessary.

DbiFormFullName:
Returns the fully qualified table name.

DbiGetBookMark:
Saves the current position of a cursor to the client-supplied buffer called a bookmark.

DbiGetCursorForTable:
Finds the cursor for the given table.

DbiGetCursorProps:
Returns the properties of the cursor.

DbiGetExactRecordCount:
Retrieves the current exact number of records associated with the cursor. NEW FUNCTION BDE 4.0

DbiGetFieldDescs:
Retrieves a list of descriptors for all the fields in the table associated with the cursor.

DbiGetLinkStatus:
Returns the link status of the cursor.

DbiGetNextRecord:
Retrieves the next record in the table associated with the cursor.

DbiGetPriorRecord:
Retrieves the previous record in the table associated with the given cursor.

DbiGetProp:
Returns a property of an object.

DbiGetRecord:
Retrieves the current record, if any, in the table associated with the cursor.

DbiGetRecordCount:
Retrieves the current number of records associated with the cursor.

DbiGetRecordForKey:
Finds and retrieves a record matching a key and positions the cursor on that record.

DbiGetRelativeRecord:
Positions the cursor on a record in the table relative to the current position of the cursor.

DbiGetSeqNo:
Retrieves the sequence number of the current record in the table associated with the cursor.

DbiLinkDetail:
Establishes a link between two tables such that the detail table has its record set limited to the
set of records matching the linking key values of the master table cursor.

DbiLinkDetailToExp:
Links the detail cursor to the master cursor using an expression.

DbiMakePermanent:
Changes a temporary table created by DbiCreateTempTable into a permanent table.

DbiOpenTable:
Opens the given table for access and associates a cursor handle with the opened table.

DbiResetRange:
Removes the specified table's limited range previously established by the function DbiSetRange.

DbiSaveChanges:
Forces all updated records associated with the cursor to disk.

DbiSetFieldMap:
Sets a field map of the table associated with the given cursor.

DbiSetProp:
Sets the specified property of an object to a given value.

DbiSetRange:
Sets a range on the result set associated with the cursor.

DbiSetToBegin:
Positions the cursor to BOF (just before the first record).

DbiSetToBookMark:
Positions the cursor to the location saved in the specified bookmark.

DbiSetToCursor:
Sets the position of one cursor (the destination cursor) to that of another (the source cursor).

DbiSetToEnd:
Positions the cursor to EOF (just after the last record).

DbiSetToKey:
Positions an index-based cursor on a key value.

DbiSetToRecordNo:
Positions the cursor of a dBASE table to the given physical record number.

DbiSetToSeqNo:
Positions the cursor to the specified sequence number of a Paradox table.

DbiUnlinkDetail:
Removes a link between two cursors.




7. Index functions

Each function listed below returns information about an index or indexes, or performs a task that affects an index, such as dropping it, deleting it, or adding it.



DbiAddIndex:
Creates an index on an existing table.

DbiCloseIndex:
Closes the specified index on a cursor.

DbiCompareKeys:
Compares two key values based on the current index of the cursor.

DbiDeleteIndex:
Drops an index on a table.

DbiExtractKey:
Retrieves the key value for the current record of the given cursor or from the supplied record buffer.

DbiGetIndexDesc:
Retrieves the properties of the given index associated with the cursor.

DbiGetIndexDescs:
Retrieves index properties.

DbiGetIndexForField:
Returns the description of any useful index on the specified field.

DbiGetIndexSeqNo:
Retrieves the ordinal number of the index in the index list of the specified cursor.

DbiGetIndexTypeDesc:
Retrieves a description of the index type.

DbiOpenIndex:
Opens the index for the table associated with the cursor.

DbiRegenIndex:
Regenerates an index to make sure that it is up-to-date (all records currently in the table
are included in the index and are in the index order).

DbiRegenIndexes:
Regenerates all out-of-date indexes on a given table.

DbiSwitchToIndex:
Allows the user to change the active index order of the given cursor.




8. Query functions

Each function listed below performs a query task, such as preparing and executing a SQL or QBE query.



DbiGetProp:
Returns a property of an object.

DbiQAlloc:
Allocates a new statement handle for a prepared query.

DbiQExec:
Executes the previously prepared query identified by the supplied statement handle and
returns a cursor to the result set, if one is generated.

DbiQExecDirect:
Executes a SQL or QBE query and returns a cursor to the result set, if one is generated.

DbiQExecProcDirect:
Executes a stored procedure and returns a cursor to the result set, if one is generated.

DbiQFree:
Frees the resources associated with a previously prepared query identified by the supplied
statement handle.

DbiQGetBaseDescs:
Returns the original database, table, and field names of the fields that make up the result
set of a query.

DbiQInstantiateAnswer:
Creates a permanent table from the cursor to the result set.

DbiQPrepare:
Prepares a SQL or QBE query for execution, and returns a handle to a statement containing
the prepared query.

DbiQPrepareProc:
Prepares and optionally binds parameters for a stored procedure.

DbiQSetParams:
Associates data with parameter markers embedded within a prepared query.

DbiQSetProcParams:
Binds parameters for a stored procedure prepared with DbiQPrepareProc.

DbiSetProp:
Sets the specified property of an object to a given value.

DbiValidateProp:
Validates a property.




9. Table functions

Each function listed below returns information about a specific table, such as all the locks acquired on the table, all the referential integrity links on the table, the indexes open on the table, or whether or not the table is shared. Functions in this category can also perform a table-wide operation, such as copying and deleting.



DbiBatchMove:
Appends, updates, subtracts, and copies records or fields from a source table to a destination table.

DbiCopyTable:
Duplicates the specified source table to a destination table.

DbiCreateInMemTable:
Creates a temporary, in-memory table.

DbiCreateTable:
Creates a table.

DbiCreateTempTable:
Creates a temporary table that is deleted when the cursor is closed, unless the call is followed
by a call to DbiMakePermanent.

DbiDeleteTable:
Deletes a table.

DbiDoRestructure:
Changes the properties of a table.

DbiEmptyTable:
Deletes all records from the table associated with the specified table cursor handle or table name.

DbiGetTableOpenCount:
Returns the total number of cursors that are open on the specified table.

DbiGetTableTypeDesc:
Returns a description of the capabilities of the table type for the driver type.

DbiIsTableLocked:
Returns the number of locks of a specified type acquired on the table associated with the
given session.

DbiIsTableShared:
Determines whether the table is physically shared or not.

DbiMakePermanent:
Changes a temporary table created by DbiCreateTempTable into a permanent table.

DbiOpenFamilyList:
Creates an in-memory table listing the family members associated with a specified table.

DbiOpenFieldList:
Creates an in-memory table listing the fields in a specified table and their descriptions.

DbiOpenIndexList:
Opens a cursor on an in-memory table listing the indexes on a specified table, along with
their descriptions.

DbiOpenLockList:
Creates an in-memory table containing a list of locks acquired on the table associated with the cursor.

DbiOpenRintList:
Creates an in-memory table listing the referential integrity links for a specified table, along with
their descriptions.

DbiOpenSecurityList:
Creates an in-memory table listing record-level security information about a specified table.

DbiOpenTable:
Opens the given table for access and associates a cursor handle with the opened table.

DbiPackTable:
Optimizes table space by rebuilding the table associated with the cursor and releasing any free space.

DbiQInstantiateAnswer:
Creates a permanent table from a cursor handle.

DbiRegenIndexes:
Regenerates all out-of-date indexes on a given table.

DbiRenameTable:
Renames the table and all of its resources to the new name specified.

DbiSaveChanges:
Forces all updated records associated with the table to disk.

DbiSortTable:
Sorts an opened or closed table, either into itself or into a destination table. There are options to
remove duplicates, to enable case-insensitive sorts and special sort functions, and to control the
number of records sorted.




10. Data access functions

Each function listed below accesses data in a table, such as retrieving data from a specified BLOB field or from the record buffer.



DbiAppendRecord:
Appends a record to the end of the table associated with the given cursor.

DbiDeleteRecord:
Deletes the current record of the given cursor.

DbiFreeBlob:
Closes the BLOB handle located within the specified record buffer.

DbiGetBlob:
Retrieves data from the specified BLOB field.

DbiGetBlobHeading:
Retrieves information about a BLOB field from the BLOB heading in the record buffer.

DbiGetBlobSize:
Retrieves the size of the specified BLOB field in bytes.

DbiGetField:
Retrieves the data contents of the requested field from the record buffer.

DbiGetFieldDescs:
Retrieves a list of descriptors for all the fields in the table associated with the cursor.

DbiGetFieldTypeDesc:
Retrieves a description of the specified field type.

DbiInitRecord:
Initializes the record buffer to a blank record according to the data types of the fields.

DbiInsertRecord:
Inserts a new record into the table associated with the given cursor.

DbiModifyRecord:
Modifies the current record of table associated with the cursor with the data supplied.

DbiOpenBlob:
Prepares the cursor's record buffer to access a BLOB field.

DbiPutBlob:
Writes data into an open BLOB field.

DbiPutField:
Writes the field value to the correct location in the supplied record buffer.

DbiReadBlock:
Reads a specified number of records (starting from the next position of the cursor) into a buffer.

DbiSaveChanges:
Forces all updated records associated with the cursor to disk.

DbiSetFieldMap:
Sets a field map of the table associated with the given cursor.

DbiTruncateBlob:
Shortens the size of the contents of a BLOB field, or deletes the contents of a BLOB field
from the record, by shortening it to zero.

DbiUndeleteRecord:
Undeletes a dBASE record that has been marked for deletion (a "soft" delete).

DbiVerifyField:
Verifies that the data specified is a valid data type for the field specified, and that all validity
checks in place for the field are satisfied. It can also be used to check if a field is blank.

DbiWriteBlock:
Writes a block of records to the table associated with the cursor.




11. Transaction functions

Each function listed below begins, ends, or inquires about the status of a transaction.



DbiBeginTran:
Begins a transaction.

DbiEndTran:
Ends a transaction.

DbiGetTranInfo:
Retrieves the transaction state.




12. Capability or schema functions

Each function listed below returns information about capabilities or the schema.



DbiOpenCfgInfoList:
Returns a handle to an in-memory table listing all the nodes in the configuration file accessible by
the specified path.

DbiOpenDatabaseList:
Creates an in-memory table containing a list of accessible databases and their descriptions.

DbiOpenDriverList:
Creates an in-memory table containing a list of driver names available to the client application.

DbiOpenFamilyList:
Creates an in-memory table listing the family members associated with a specified table.

DbiOpenFieldList:
Creates an in-memory table listing the fields in a specified table and their descriptions.

DbiOpenFieldTypesList:
Creates an in-memory table containing a list of field types supported by the table type for the driver type.

DbiOpenFunctionArgList:
Returns a list of arguments to a data source function.

DbiOpenFunctionList:
Returns a description of a data source function.

DbiOpenIndexList:
Opens a cursor on an in-memory table listing the indexes on a specified table, along with
their descriptions.

DbiOpenIndexTypesList:
Creates an in-memory table containing a list of all supported index types for the driver type.

DbiOpenLockList:
Creates an in-memory table containing a list of locks acquired on the table.

DbiOpenRintList :
Creates an in-memory table listing the referential integrity links for a specified table, along with
their descriptions.

DbiOpenSecurityList:
Creates an in-memory table listing record-level security information about a specified table.

DbiOpenTableList:
Creates an in-memory table with information about all the tables accessible to the client application.

DbiOpenTableTypesList:
Creates an in-memory table listing table type names for the given driver.

DbiOpenVchkList:
Creates an in-memory table containing records with information about validity checks for fields
within the specified table.




13. Date/time/number format functions

Each function listed below sets or retrieves date or time, or decodes/encodes date and time into or from a timestamp.



DbiBcdFromFloat:
Converts FLOAT data to binary coded decimal (BCD) format.

DbiBcdToFloat:
Converts binary coded decimal (BCD) data to FLOAT format.

DbiDateDecode:
Decodes DBIDATE into separate month, day and year components.

DbiDateEncode:
Encodes separate date components into date for use by DbiPutField and other functions.

DbiGetDateFormat:
Gets the date format for the current session.

DbiGetNumberFormat:
Gets the number format for the current session.

DbiGetTimeFormat:
Gets the time format for the current session.

DbiSetDateFormat:
Sets the date format for the current session.

DbiSetNumberFormat:
Sets the number format for the current session.

DbiSetTimeFormat:
Sets the time format for the current session.

DbiTimeDecode:
Decodes time into separate components (hours, minutes, milliseconds).

DbiTimeEncode:
Encodes separate time components into time for use by DbiPutField and other functions.

DbiTimeStampDecode:
Extracts separate encoded date and time components from the timestamp.

DbiTimeStampEncode:
Encodes the encoded date and encoded time into a timestamp.

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