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How to grey-out enabled or disabled data-aware controls (Views: 100)


Problem/Question/Abstract:

How to grey-out enabled or disabled data-aware controls

Answer:

Most data aware components are capable of visually showing that they are disabled (by changing the text color to gray) or enabled (by setting the color to a user-defined windows text color). Some data aware controls such as TDBGrid, TDBRichEdit (in Delphi 3.0) and also TDBEdit (when connected to a numeric or date field) do not display this behavior.

The code below uses RTTI (Run Time Type Information) to extract property information and use that information to set the font color to gray if the control is disabled. If the control is enabled, the text color is set to the standard windows text color.

What follows is the step by step creation of a simple example which consists of a TForm with a TButton and a TDBRichEdit that demonstrates this behavior.

Select File|New Application from the Delphi menu bar.
Drop a TDataSource, a TTable, a TButton and a TDBEdit onto the form.
Set the DatabaseName property of the table to 'DBDEMOS'.
Set the TableName property of the table to 'ORDERS.DB'.
Set the DataSet property of the datasource to 'Table1'.
Set the DataSource property of the DBEdit to 'DataSource1'.
Set the DataField property of the DBEdit to 'CustNo'.
Set the Active property of the DBEdit to 'False'.
Add 'TypInfo' to the uses clause of the form.

Below is the actual procedure to put in the implementation section of your unit:

{This procedure will either set the text color of a dataware control to gray or the
user defined color constant in clInfoText}

procedure SetDBControlColor(aControl: TControl);
var
  FontPropInfo: PPropInfo;
begin
  {Check to see if the control is a dataware control}
  if (GetPropInfo(aControl.ClassInfo, 'DataSource') = nil) then
    exit
  else
  begin
    {Extract the front property}
    FontPropInfo := GetPropInfo(aControl.ClassInfo, 'Font');
    {Check if the control is enabled/disabled}
    if (aControl.Enabled = false) then
      {If disabled, set the font color to grey}
      TFont(GetOrdProp(aControl, FontPropInfo)).Color := clGrayText
    else
      {If enabled, set the font color to clInfoText}
      TFont(GetOrdProp(aControl, FontPropInfo)).Color := clInfoText;
  end;
end;

The code for the buttonclick event handler should contain:

{This code will cycle through the Controls array and call SetDbControlColor
for each control on your form making sure the font text color is set to what
it should be}

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
var
  i: integer;
begin
  {Loop through the control array}
  for i := 0 to ControlCount - 1 do
    SetDBControlColor(Controls[i]);
end;

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