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AdjustTokenPrivileges function to enable a privilege (NT) (Views: 100)


Problem/Question/Abstract:

For some functions you need to get the right privileges on a Windows NT machine. (e.g: To shut down or restart windows with ExitWindowsEx or to change the system time)

Answer:

The following code provides a procedure to adjust the privileges. The AdjustTokenPrivileges() function enables or disables privileges in the specified access token.

// NT Defined Privileges from winnt.h

const
  SE_CREATE_TOKEN_NAME = 'SeCreateTokenPrivilege';
  SE_ASSIGNPRIMARYTOKEN_NAME = 'SeAssignPrimaryTokenPrivilege';
  SE_LOCK_MEMORY_NAME = 'SeLockMemoryPrivilege';
  SE_INCREASE_QUOTA_NAME = 'SeIncreaseQuotaPrivilege';
  SE_UNSOLICITED_INPUT_NAME = 'SeUnsolicitedInputPrivilege';
  SE_MACHINE_ACCOUNT_NAME = 'SeMachineAccountPrivilege';
  SE_TCB_NAME = 'SeTcbPrivilege';
  SE_SECURITY_NAME = 'SeSecurityPrivilege';
  SE_TAKE_OWNERSHIP_NAME = 'SeTakeOwnershipPrivilege';
  SE_LOAD_DRIVER_NAME = 'SeLoadDriverPrivilege';
  SE_SYSTEM_PROFILE_NAME = 'SeSystemProfilePrivilege';
  SE_SYSTEMTIME_NAME = 'SeSystemtimePrivilege';
  SE_PROF_SINGLE_PROCESS_NAME = 'SeProfileSingleProcessPrivilege';
  SE_INC_BASE_PRIORITY_NAME = 'SeIncreaseBasePriorityPrivilege';
  SE_CREATE_PAGEFILE_NAME = 'SeCreatePagefilePrivilege';
  SE_CREATE_PERMANENT_NAME = 'SeCreatePermanentPrivilege';
  SE_BACKUP_NAME = 'SeBackupPrivilege';
  SE_RESTORE_NAME = 'SeRestorePrivilege';
  SE_SHUTDOWN_NAME = 'SeShutdownPrivilege';
  SE_DEBUG_NAME = 'SeDebugPrivilege';
  SE_AUDIT_NAME = 'SeAuditPrivilege';
  SE_SYSTEM_ENVIRONMENT_NAME = 'SeSystemEnvironmentPrivilege';
  SE_CHANGE_NOTIFY_NAME = 'SeChangeNotifyPrivilege';
  SE_REMOTE_SHUTDOWN_NAME = 'SeRemoteShutdownPrivilege';
  SE_UNDOCK_NAME = 'SeUndockPrivilege';
  SE_SYNC_AGENT_NAME = 'SeSyncAgentPrivilege';
  SE_ENABLE_DELEGATION_NAME = 'SeEnableDelegationPrivilege';
  SE_MANAGE_VOLUME_NAME = 'SeManageVolumePrivilege';

  // Enables or disables privileges depending on the bEnabled value

function NTSetPrivilege(sPrivilege: string; bEnabled: Boolean): Boolean;
var
  hToken: THandle;
  TokenPriv: TOKEN_PRIVILEGES;
  PrevTokenPriv: TOKEN_PRIVILEGES;
  ReturnLength: Cardinal;
begin
  Result := True;
  // Only for Windows NT/2000/XP and later.
  if not (Win32Platform = VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT) then
    Exit;
  Result := False;

  // obtain the processes token
  if OpenProcessToken(GetCurrentProcess(),
    TOKEN_ADJUST_PRIVILEGES or TOKEN_QUERY, hToken) then
  begin
    try
      // Get the locally unique identifier (LUID) .
      if LookupPrivilegeValue(nil, PChar(sPrivilege),
        TokenPriv.Privileges[0].Luid) then
      begin
        TokenPriv.PrivilegeCount := 1; // one privilege to set

        case bEnabled of
          True: TokenPriv.Privileges[0].Attributes := SE_PRIVILEGE_ENABLED;
          False: TokenPriv.Privileges[0].Attributes := 0;
        end;

        ReturnLength := 0; // replaces a var parameter
        PrevTokenPriv := TokenPriv;

        // enable or disable the privilege

        AdjustTokenPrivileges(hToken, False, TokenPriv, SizeOf(PrevTokenPriv),
          PrevTokenPriv, ReturnLength);
      end;
    finally
      CloseHandle(hToken);
    end;
  end;
  // test the return value of AdjustTokenPrivileges.
  Result := GetLastError = ERROR_SUCCESS;
  if not Result then
    raise Exception.Create(SysErrorMessage(GetLastError));
end;

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